Modern day astrology uses the Latin (Roman) labels for the majority of the heavenly bodies that were taken from the original Greek names (the only exception is “Earth”, which originated from an English/German word that means “ground”).

  • Sun: Helios – Ήλιος from the Greek word for sun: “ήλιος” (Sun God)
  • Moon: Selene – Σελήνη (Sister of Helios)
  • Earth: Gaea – from Ge (Γη) for land or earth in Greek (Goddess of Earth)
  • Mercury: Hermes – Ερμής (God of Communication – Messenger of the Gods)
  • Mars: Ares – Άρης (God of War)
  • Venus: Aphrodite – Αφροδίτη (Goddess of Love and Beauty)
  • Jupiter: Zeus – ο Δίας (King of Gods – son of Kronos)
  • Saturn: Kronos – Χρόνος from the Greek word for time: “χρόνος” (God of Time)
  • Uranus: this is similar to the Greek name except that it would be “Ouranos”: Ουρανός – Greek for “sky” (God of the Sky)
  • Neptune: Poseidon – Ποσειδώνας (God of the Sea)
  • Pluto: Hades – ‘Αδης (God of the Underworld: Pluto is no longer considered a planet but a “dwarf planet.”)

If you would like to know more about the Greek Pantheon, I recommend Hesiod’s “Theogony.”

Helen